2010 Ford F-150's New 4.4L V8 Diesel Engine Gets Leaked To Internet

Illustration for article titled 2010 Ford F-150's New 4.4L V8 Diesel Engine Gets Leaked To Internet

Remember that Ford dealer conference we learned about last week from our friends at PickupTruck.com? That's the conference where we heard about the scoop on Ford's upcoming and long-rumored off-road Ford F-150 Raptor program. Well, there's a second scoop for us from the Ford forum fan-boys at F150Online, spotted by the quick-eyed folks at PUTC — the first unofficial shot of Ford's upcoming 4.4-liter V8 Diesel engine that we've heard will make it's way into the 2010 Ford F-150. We're also told we should expect it to get dropped beneath the rails of the 2010 Ford F-250 and 2010 Ford F-350 to serve as the base-level diesel engine available. And why shouldn't it? Supposedly, this smaller oil-burning V8 will give a 20% boost...

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... in fuel economy, a 9% boost in power and a 15% boost in torque over an F-150 equipped with a 5.4-liter gas engine. That means the HP of this black-smoke engine should be somewhere around 340. Only problem is that owners will need to drop a load of urea into a special tank at each oil change. Mmm, that sweet, sweet smell of urea.

UPDATE: A closer inspection of the placard also indicates 4.4-liter diesel will find a home in the next Lincoln Navigator and Ford Expedition — of course we're still wondering about those rumors we'd heard about the 5.4-liter Trition V8. [PickupTruck.com]

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From a past article from New Scientist: This somewhat explains how Urea breaks down emissions in Diesels. It also explains how Urine probably won't be used to collect Urea.

A chemical originally obtained from urine might be able to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides from diesel engines by up to 80 per cent. A diesel truck has set off from a lab in the Netherlands to test the idea as it trundles around Europe's roads.

The catalytic converters used with petrol engines don't work for diesels because of the high concentrations of oxygen in the exhaust gas, say researchers at the Dutch national laboratory TNO. But new European emissions regulations coming into effect in 2005 demand heavy NOx reductions from diesels.

So TNO, Dutch truck maker DAF, and American catalytic converter manufacturer Engelhard have been trying to tackle the problem.

The system they've come up with injects a urea solution into the catalytic converter. Urea is a nitrogen-rich organic compound that was originally isolated from animals' urine but which is now made industrially - for fertiliser - by reacting ammonia with carbon dioxide.

Inside the converter, heat from the exhaust gases convert the urea into ammonia, which reacts with the harmful nitrogen oxides in the catalytic converter, transforming them into harmless nitrogen and water vapour. Trucks equipped with 900-litre diesel tanks will need an extra 50-litre tank for the urea solution, says TNO.

One oil company, Elf, is studying potential ways of distributing urea via gas stations. Ray Holloway, director of Britain's Petrol Retailers Association, says it could cost £1000 to install a single urea pump on a forecourt.

"With profit margins as low as 1.5p per litre of diesel that represents a substantial investment," he said. Sadly, although the toilets at service stations receive a steady supply of urea, TNO says there's not enough to make it worth collecting motorists' donations.